Ingrown Toenail Treatment

What Causes An Ingrown Toenail?

An ingrown toenail occurs when the sides/corners of the toenails catch or undermine the skin around the toe. This can create swelling, pain, and redness at the side of the toe. The big toe is the most commonly affected. 







Effective Treatment For Ingrown Toenails

Having an ingrown toenail can significantly hamper quality of life and interfere with physical activity. A nail excision is a quick and effective treatment that provides relief for at least 6-12 months. In many cases, patients go without recurrence for several years after an ingrown toenail treatment.


  • Pressure from tight or poor fitting shoes
  • Abnormal toenail shape
  • Thickened nails, such as from fungal infection
  • Soaking the foot in warm water for 15-20 minutes daily
  • Pulling the skin away from the toenail edge using tape
  • Cotton wicks/balls tucked into the corner of the nail
  • Minor surgical procedures such as a wedge nail excision to remove the section of undermining nail; recurrent toe infections often make this procedure necessary

While antibiotics do work to treat infection around the nail, a common occurrence with ingrown nails, excising the nail will most likely result in clearing of the infection. Antibiotics are not routinely prescribed after the procedure.

Pain and sensitivity can linger for a few days. Patients who work in safety critical positions should avoid work for as long as they experience pain. Sedentary work is agreeable. Over the counter medications often work well for pain relief.

Some patients have thickened and discoloured nails that contributed to their ingrown nail. More than likely, this is on account of fungal infection. At the time of a wedge nail excision, nail samples can be sent for fungal analysis. Patients should be aware that a culture result can take as long as 3-4 weeks to be reported. Culture results can also be falsely negative, meaning that while fungus is present, it is not detected on testing.

Fungal infection can be challenging to treat. Topical antifungal nail lacquers such as efinaconazole are effective for mild to moderate nail fungus. Severe fungal nail infections may require up to 12 weeks of antifungal therapy. It typically takes 12 months from the start of treatment for new normal nail to grow back. Nail fungus treatments can be started immediately after an excision. No fungal treatment is 100% effective and some patients do not respond.

Request A Referral From Your Doctor For Ingrown Toenail Treatment



Ask Your Family Doctor For A Referral